THE MOST IMPORTANT CHOICES OF YOUR LIFE You choose food for many different reasons. Some of these reasons are based upon your knowledge of “what is healthy to eat”. Most Americans are not healthy in that they are over-weight and have or will soon have chronic metabolic diseases including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and small blood vessel disease including dementia, impotence, coronary artery disease, and renal dysfunction. These chronic metabolic diseases are preventable with exercise and a healthy diet. The purpose of this essay is to provide science-based information about food.